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/// Tables and Forms

/// Table markup

Tag Description
<table> Wrapping element for displaying data in a tabular format
<thead> Container element for table header rows (<tr>) to label table columns
<tbody> Container element for table rows (<tr>) in the body of the table
<tr> Container element for a set of table cells (<td> or <th>) that appears on a single row
<td> Default table cell
<th> Special table cell for column (or row, depending on scope and placement) labels
Must be used within a <thead>
<caption> Description or summary of what the table holds, especially useful for screen readers
<table>
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th></th>
      <th></th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td></td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

/// Table options

Name Class Description
Default None No styles, just columns and rows
Basic .table Only horizontal lines between rows
Bordered .table-bordered Rounds corners and adds outer border
Zebra-stripe .table-striped Adds light gray background color to odd rows (1, 3, 5, etc)
Condensed .table-condensed Cuts vertical padding in half, from 8px to 4px, within all td and th elements

/// Example tables

1. Default table styles

Tables are automatically styled with only a few borders to ensure readability and maintain structure. With 2.0, the .table class is required.

<table class="table">
  
</table>
# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter

2. Striped table

Get a little fancy with your tables by adding zebra-striping—just add the .table-striped class.

Note: Striped tables use the :nth-child CSS selector and is not available in IE7-IE8.

<table class="table table-striped">
  
</table>
# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter

3. Bordered table

Add borders around the entire table and rounded corners for aesthetic purposes.

<table class="table table-bordered">
  
</table>
# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
Mark Otto @TwBootstrap
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter

4. Condensed table

Make your tables more compact by adding the .table-condensed class to cut table cell padding in half (from 8px to 4px).

<table class="table table-condensed">
  
</table>
# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter

5. Combine them all!

Feel free to combine any of the table classes to achieve different looks by utilizing any of the available classes.

<table class="table table-striped table-bordered table-condensed">
  ...
</table>
Full name
# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter

/// Flexible HTML and CSS

The best part about forms in Bootstrap is that all your inputs and controls look great no matter how you build them in your markup. No superfluous HTML is required, but we provide the patterns for those who require it.

More complicated layouts come with succinct and scalable classes for easy styling and event binding, so you're covered at every step.

/// Four layouts included

Bootstrap comes with support for four types of form layouts:

  • Vertical (default)
  • Search
  • Inline
  • Horizontal

Different types of form layouts require some changes to markup, but the controls themselves remain and behave the same.

/// Control states and more

Bootstrap's forms include styles for all the base form controls like input, textarea, and select you'd expect. But it also comes with a number of custom components like appended and prepended inputs and support for lists of checkboxes.

States like error, warning, and success are included for each type of form control. Also included are styles for disabled controls.

/// Four types of forms

Bootstrap provides simple markup and styles for four styles of common web forms.

Name Class Description
Vertical (default) .form-vertical (not required) Stacked, left-aligned labels over controls
Inline .form-inline Left-aligned label and inline-block controls for compact style
Search .form-search Extra-rounded text input for a typical search aesthetic
Horizontal .form-horizontal Float left, right-aligned labels on same line as controls

/// Example forms using just form controls, no extra markup

Basic form

With v2.0, we have lighter and smarter defaults for form styles. No extra markup, just form controls.

Associated help text!

Example block-level help text here.

<form class="well">
  <label>Label name</label>
  <input type="text" class="span3" placeholder="Type something">
  <span class="help-inline">Associated help text!</span>
  <label class="checkbox">
    <input type="checkbox"> Check me out
  </label>
  <button type="submit" class="btn">Submit</button>
</form>

Search form

Reflecting default WebKit styles, just add .form-search for extra rounded search fields.

<form class="well form-search">
  <input type="text" class="input-medium search-query">
  <button type="submit" class="btn">Search</button>
</form>

Inline form

Inputs are block level to start. For .form-inline and .form-horizontal, we use inline-block.

<form class="well form-inline">
  <input type="text" class="input-small" placeholder="Email">
  <input type="password" class="input-small" placeholder="Password">
  <label class="checkbox">
    <input type="checkbox"> Remember me
  </label>
  <button type="submit" class="btn">Sign in</button>
</form>

/// Horizontal forms

Controls Bootstrap supports

In addition to freeform text, any HTML5 text-based input appears like so.

Example markup

Given the above example form layout, here's the markup associated with the first input and control group. The .control-group, .control-label, and .controls classes are all required for styling.

<form class="form-horizontal">
  <fieldset>
    <legend>Legend text</legend>
    <div class="control-group">
      <label class="control-label" for="input01">Text input</label>
      <div class="controls">
        <input type="text" class="input-xlarge" id="input01">
        <p class="help-block">Supporting help text</p>
      </div>
    </div>
  </fieldset>
</form>

What's included

Shown on the left are all the default form controls we support. Here's the bulleted list:

  • text inputs (text, password, email, etc)
  • checkbox
  • radio
  • select
  • multiple select
  • file input
  • textarea

New defaults with v2.0

Up to v1.4, Bootstrap's default form styles used the horizontal layout. With Bootstrap 2, we removed that constraint to have smarter, more scalable defaults for any form.


Form control states
Some value here
Something may have gone wrong
Please correct the error
Woohoo!
Woohoo!

Redesigned browser states

Bootstrap features styles for browser-supported focused and disabled states. We remove the default Webkit outline and apply a box-shadow in its place for :focus.


Form validation

It also includes validation styles for errors, warnings, and success. To use, add the error class to the surrounding .control-group.

<fieldset
  class="control-group error">
  
</fieldset>

Extending form controls

Use the same .span* classes from the grid system for input sizes.

You may also use static classes that don't map to the grid, adapt to the responsive CSS styles, or account for varying types of controls (e.g., input vs. select).

@

Here's some help text

.00
Here's more help text
$.00

Note: Labels surround all the options for much larger click areas and a more usable form.

Prepend & append inputs

Input groups—with appended or prepended text—provide an easy way to give more context for your inputs. Great examples include the @ sign for Twitter usernames or $ for finances.


Checkboxes and radios

Up to v1.4, Bootstrap required extra markup around checkboxes and radios to stack them. Now, it's a simple matter of repeating the <label class="checkbox"> that wraps the <input type="checkbox">.

Inline checkboxes and radios are also supported. Just add .inline to any .checkbox or .radio and you're done.


Inline forms and append/prepend

To use prepend or append inputs in an inline form, be sure to place the .add-on and input on the same line, without spaces.


Form help text

To add help text for your form inputs, include inline help text with <span class="help-inline"> or a help text block with <p class="help-block"> after the input element.

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